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MRTG
不知對大家有沒有用,姑且看一下吧!

NAME
mrtg - What is MRTG


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SYNOPSIS
The Multi Router Traffic Grapher (MRTG) is a tool to monitor the traffic load on network-links. MRTG generates HTML pages containing PNG images which provide a LIVE visual representation of this traffic. Check http://www.stat.ee.ethz.ch/mrtg/ to see what it does.

Go to http://people.ee.ethz.ch/~oetiker/webtools/mrtg for all the details about mrtg.



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USER PAGES
MRTG is written in Perl and C and works under UNIX and Windows NT. MRTG is being successfully used on many sites around the net. Check the MRTG-Site-Map on:

http://people.ee.ethz.ch/~oetiker/we...rtg/users.html


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HIGHLIGHTS
Portable

MRTG works on most UNIX platforms and Windows NT.

Perl

MRTG is written in Perl and comes with full source.

Portable SNMP

MRTG Uses a highly portable SNMP implementation written entirely in Perl thanks to Simon Leinen. There is no need to install any external SNMP package.

SNMPv2c support

MRTG can read the new SNMPv2c 64bit counters. No more counter wrapping.

Reliable Interface Identification

Router interfaces can be identified by IP address, Description and Ethernet address in addition to the normal Interface number.

Constant size Logfiles

MRTG's logfiles do NOT grow. Thanks to the use of a unique data consolidation algorithm.

Automatic Configuration

MRTG comes with a set configuration tools which make configuration and setup very simple.

Performance

Time critical routines are written in C thanks to the initiative of Dave Rand my Co-Author.

GIF free Graphics

Graphics are generated directly in PNG format, using the GD library by Thomas Boutell.

Customizability

The look of the webpages produced by MRTG is highly configurable.

RRDtool

MRTG has built in hooks for using RRDtool. If you are straped for performance this may help.



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DETAILS
MRTG consists of a Perl script which uses SNMP to read the traffic counters of your routers and a fast C program which logs the traffic data and creates beautiful graphs representing the traffic on the monitored network connection. These graphs are embedded into webpages which can be viewed from any modern Web-browser.

In addition to a detailed daily view, MRTG also creates visual representations of the traffic seen during the last seven days, the last four weeks and the last twelve months. This is possible because MRTG keeps a log of all the data it has pulled from the router. This log is automatically consolidated, so that it does not grow over time, but still contains all the relevant data for all the traffic seen over the last two years. This is all performed in an efficient manner. Therefore you can monitor 200 or more network links from any halfway decent UNIX box.

MRTG is not limited to monitoring traffic though, it is possible to monitor any SNMP variable you choose. You can even use an external program to gather the data which should be monitored via MRTG. People are using MRTG, to monitor things such as System Load, Login Sessions, Modem availability and more. MRTG even allows you to accumulate two or more data sources into a single graph.



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HISTORY
In 1994 I was working at a site where we had one 64kbit line to the outside world. Obviously everybody was interested in knowing how the link was performing. So I wrote a quick hack which created a constantly updated graph on the web, showing the traffic load on our Internet link. This eventually evolved into a rather configurable Perl script called MRTG-1.0 which I released in spring 1995. After a few updates I left my job at DMU, to start work at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Due to lack of time I had to put MRTG aside. One day in January of 1996, I received email from Dave Rand asking if I had any ideas why MRTG was so slow. Actually I did. MRTG's programming was not very efficient and it was written entirely in Perl. After a week or so, Dave wrote back to me and said he had tried what I had suggested for improving MRTG's speed. Since the changes did not help much, he had decided to rewrite the time-critical sections of MRTG in C. The code was attached to his email. His tool increased the speed of MRTG by a factor of 40! This got me out of my 'MRTG ignorance' and I started to spend my spare time developing of MRTG-2.

Soon after MRTG-2 development had begun I started to give beta copies to interested parties. In return I got many feature patches, a lot of user feedback and bug fixes. The product you are getting now is wouldnt be in this state if it hadn't been for the great contributions and support I received from of many people. I would like to take this opportunity to thank them all. (See the files CHANGES for a long list of folk people who helped to make MRTG what it is today)



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READ ON
Learn more about MRTG by going to the mrtg home page on: http://people.ee.ethz.ch/~oetiker/webtools/mrtg



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AUTHOR
Tobias Oetiker <oetiker@ee.ethz.ch> and many contributors

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